Blog

Dry Eye

Dry Eye C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.C.R. Dry Eye or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca syndrome (KCS or dry eye) is a problem of major epidemiologic importance. It affects literally millions of people around the globe, with women dramatically over represented, particularly those women who have e...

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Episcleritis

Episcleritis C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.C.R. What is episcleritis? Episcleritis is inflammation of the episclera, which is the thin vascular outer coating of the eye wall, the sclera. Episclera lies underneath the more superficial layers of conjunctiva and other connective tissues. Unlik...

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Herpes and the Eye

Herpes and the Eye C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.C.R. Herpes! The first thought in most people’s mind is venereal disease, sexual transmitted disease (STD). But, in fact most instances of herpes, at least those affecting the eye, are not sexually transmitted, and are not even the type of ...

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Keratitis

Keratitis C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S, F.A.C.R, Stephen D. Anesi, M.D., F.A.C.S What is keratitis? Keratitis is inflammation of the cornea, the clear window of the front of the eye. The cornea is an incredibly unique tissue in the body, in that it is perfectly transparent, and allows light to p...

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Ocular Autoimmune Disease: An Introduction

Ocular Autoimmune Disease: An Introduction C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S, F.A.C.R The immune system, ordinarily in the “business” of protecting us from harm, generally protecting us from germs and cancer cells, can become deranged, disregulated, with the result being an immune attack on part ...

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Scleritis

Scleritis C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S, F.A.C.R Scleritis What is scleritis? Scleritis is inflammation of the tough, white structural wall of the eyeball, the sclera. The sclera is made of collagen and is continuous with the cornea, the clear window through which we see that makes up the front ...

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Systemic Treatment of Ocular Inflammatory Disease (OID)

Systemic Treatment of Ocular Inflammatory Disease (OID) C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.C.R Most eye diseases which are treatable are treated with eye drops. In fact, the number of instances in which patients attending a general ophthalmologist’s office might be prescribed a systemic medica...

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Chemotherapy: Risks and Outcomes

Chemotherapy: Risks and Outcomes C. Stephen Foster, M.D., F.A.C.S., F.A.C.R. Inflammatory eye disease has blinded countless numbers of individuals during both ancient and modern times. And while most of such instances have occurred on the basis of infectious inflammation, not a trivial number of ins...

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Cost of Care of Patients with Uveitis

Cost of Care of Patients with Uveitis C. Stephen Foster, M.D. Increasingly restrictive “gate keeping” policies of health maintenance organizations, insurance companies, and other medical insurance plans have created increasing pressure on ophthalmologists to be parsimonious in their use of med...

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Cataract!

Cataract C. Stephen Foster, M.D. CATARACT: a scum or a film or a growth on the eye: right? Wrong! A cataract is none of these. The word cataract simply means the development of an opacity in the crystalline lens inside the eye. We all have such a lens sitting just behind the pupil. And this lens doe...

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Glaucoma

Glaucoma C. Stephen Foster, M.D. What is it? Some misconceptions exist regarding glaucoma. One thing that most of the public does understand, however, is that glaucoma is serious and is potentially blinding. Many people, however, harbor the misconception that glaucoma produces pain. Indeed, there is...

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April is Sarcoidosis Awareness Month

Of the many causes of ocular inflammation, one of the more frequently seen causes, and frankly one many patients have never before heard of, is ocular sarcoidosis, or simply “sarcoid”. Sarcoid is a systemic autoinflammatory disease that can affect multiple parts of the body and cause var...

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Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Epidemiology Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the number 1 cause of blindness in the Western world. It affects 8 million Americans, including more than 30% of American older than 75 years of age. Even though it is a disease that mostly affects the older population, as many as 6-7% of popula...

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Uveitic Glaucoma

Uveitis is the third leading cause of preventable blindness in this country, but many people who suffer from this group of diseases lose their vision via other another mechanism – glaucoma. Glaucoma is the ‘sneak thief’ of vision, a blinding disease of the optic nerve, or the structure that co...

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes affects 415 million adults worldwide, and it is becoming more prevalent in children and adolescent thanks to the unhealthy diets and physical inactivity that have become the hallmarks of our modern society. Excessive hunger and thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, fatigue, and blurry vi...

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An Introduction to Ocular Autoimmune Disease

The immune system, ordinarily in the “business” of protecting us from harm, generally protecting us from germs and cancer cells, can become deranged, with the result being an immune attack on part of our own body. This state of affairs is termed autoimmunity, or immune attack against sel...

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Pediatric Uveitis

Uveitis is the third leading cause of blindness in America, and 5% to 10% of the cases occur in children under the age of 16. But uveitis in children blinds a larger percentage of those affected than in adults, since 40% of the cases occurring in children are posterior uveitis, compared to the 20% o...

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